by Ice Liu, Specsavers optometrist
22 year old male presented for a routine check. He reports having had poor vision in both eyes since the age of 11 and wears tinted spectacles to reduce glare.
POH: bilateral reduced vision
Colour vision: Failed both eyes (Ishihara 0/14 R&L)
Confrontation: Full both eyes
RE: 6/75 LE: 6/60
R: -1.50 / -0.75 x 125 VA 6/60
L: -1.00/-1.00 x 40 VA 6/60
Anterior segment ocular examination
Nothing abnormal detected.
Posterior segment ocular examination
Optic nerve head – healthy R&L
Macula – atrophy and drusen in both maculae
Hyperpigmentation R macula (flat, 0.3mm)
Familial dominant drusen
New RX provided with a grey tint (G2/3) to reduce glare when
outside. Also a pair for computer work with an MAR coating and a
G1 tint for computer use.
Stargadt disease (sometimes referred to as juvenile macular dystrophy) is an autosomal recessive form of retinal dystrophy characterised by central visual loss associated with an atrophic central macular lesion. It typically presents in the first two decades of life, the rate of progression and severity can vary. Most affected individuals also have impaired colour vision and photophobia may be present. The clinical diagnosis is based on ophthalmological examinations consisting of visual acuity and visual field testing, ophthalmoscopy, electroretinography (ERG), fluorescein angiography (FA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). There is no treatment available for Stargadt disease but gene replacement therapy is currently under development.
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